This was India's joint largest victory in Test cricket. © BCCI

This was India’s joint largest victory in Test cricket. © BCCI

After a weather-aided draw in the first game in Kolkata, normal service was restored in the second Test as India thrashed Sri Lanka by an innings and 239 runs at the Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium in Nagpur on Monday (November 27).

India restricted Sri Lanka to 205 in the first innings, before posting a mammoth 610 for 6 declared. The bowlers then completed the formalities by bundling out the visitors for 166, giving India their joint largest victory in Test cricket. Back in 2007, India had defeated Bangladesh in Dhaka by the same margin.

Largest Test victories for India

Margin Opposition Venue Match Date
inns & 239 runs Sri Lanka Nagpur November 24, 2017
inns & 239 runs Bangladesh Dhaka May 25, 2007
inns & 219 runs Australia Kolkata March 18, 1998
inns & 198 runs New Zealand Nagpur November 20, 2010
inns & 171 runs Sri Lanka Pallekele August 12, 2017

Incidentally, this was also the heaviest defeat for Sri Lanka in Test cricket. Their previous worst was against South Africa in 2001, when they were routed by an innings and 229 runs in Cape Town.

Biggest Test defeats for Sri Lanka

Margin Opposition Venue Match Date
inns & 239 runs India Nagpur November 24, 2017
inns & 229 runs South Africa Cape Town January 2, 2001
inns & 208 runs South Africa Colombo (SSC) September 6, 1993
inns & 201 runs Australia Melbourne December 26, 2012
inns & 175 runs Pakistan Dhaka March 12, 1999
R Ashwin, who took four wickets in each innings, reached the landmark of 300 Test wickets in his 54th match. © BCCI

R Ashwin, who took four wickets in each innings, reached the landmark of 300 Test wickets in his 54th match. © BCCI

After the Indian spinners went wicketless in Kolkata – the first such instance in a home Test — R Ashwin and Ravindra Jadeja were back among the spoils, bagging a combined haul of 13 scalps in this Test.

Ashwin, who took four wickets in each innings, reached the landmark of 300 Test wickets in his 54th match, thus beating Dennis Lillee’s 36-year-old record by two games. In a remarkable coincidence, Lillee had set the record on that very day — November 27, in 1981 — when he dismissed Wasim Raja of Pakistan for his 300th Test wicket.

Fastest to 300 Test wickets

Player Mat Opposition Venue Match Date
R Ashwin (Ind) 54 Sri Lanka Nagpur November 24, 2017
Dennis Lillee (Aus) 56 Pakistan Brisbane November 27, 1981
Muttiah Muralitharan (SL) 58 South Africa Durban December 26, 2000
Richard Hadlee (NZ) 61 Australia Wellington February 21, 1986
Malcolm Marshall (WI) 61 Australia Melbourne December 24, 1988
Dale Steyn (SA) 61 New Zealand Cape Town January 2, 2013

Virat Kohli (213) was once again in sublime touch, bringing up his fifth Test double-century – all five coming while leading the side. With this latest knock, he equalled Brian Lara’s record of most double-hundreds as captain.

Overall, only Virender Sehwag and Sachin Tendulkar (six each) have more double-centuries among Indians, while Rahul Dravid has five, the same as Kohli.

Most double-hundreds as captain

Player Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave 200s
Virat Kohli (Ind) 31 49 4 2877 235 63.93 5
Brian Lara (WI) 47 85 4 4685 400* 57.83 5
Don Bradman (Aus) 24 38 7 3147 270 101.51 4
Michael Clarke (Aus) 47 86 10 3946 329* 51.92 4
Graeme Smith (SA) 109 193 12 8659 277 47.83 4

Of Kohli’s last ten 50-plus scores, five have been double-centuries and three have been hundreds. In all, the Indian captain has 19 Test centuries to go with 14 half-centuries, with a fifty-to-hundred conversion rate of 57.58%. Among those with a minimum of 15 Test tons, Kohli’s conversion rate is second only to Don Bradman (69.05%), who amassed 29 centuries and 13 half-centuries in his 52-Test career.

During his innings, Kohli also surpassed Sunil Gavaskar’s record of 11 Test tons as Indian captain.

Virat Kohli equalled Brian Lara’s record of most double-hundreds as captain. © BCCI

Virat Kohli equalled Brian Lara’s record of most double-hundreds as captain. © BCCI

Most Test hundreds for India as captain

Player Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave 100s
Virat Kohli 31 49 4 2877 235 63.93 12
Sunil Gavaskar 47 74 6 3449 205 50.72 11
Mohammad Azharuddin 47 68 3 2856 192 43.93 9
Sachin Tendulkar 25 43 3 2054 217 51.35 7
MS Dhoni 60 96 11 3454 224 40.63 5
Sourav Ganguly 49 75 7 2561 144 37.66 5
Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi 40 73 2 2424 203* 34.14 5

Strangely, no Indian batsman in the match was dismissed for a double-figure scores. Out of eight players who batted, four fetched single-digit scores, while the other four – M Vijay (128), Cheteshwar Pujara (143), Kohli and Rohit Sharma (102 not out) – went on to cross the three-figure mark.

This was just the third time when four Indian batsmen scored a century in the same innings. Australia and Pakistan hold the record for five centurions each in an innings against West Indies and Bangladesh in 1955 and 2001 respectively.

Most Test hundreds in an innings for India

100s Opposition Venue Start Date
4 Sri Lanka Nagpur November 24, 2017
4 South Africa Kolkata February 14, 2010
4 Bangladesh Dhaka May 25, 2007

During Sri Lanka’s first innings, Dimuth Karunaratne became the second batsman to complete 1000 Test runs this calendar year, behind Dean Elgar. Soon, Pujara joined the list and by the end of his innings, was sitting at the second place with 1068 runs. Pujara’s batting average of 71.20 is the highest among those with a minimum of 500 runs this year.

Most Test runs in 2017

Player Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave 100
Dean Elgar (SA) 11 20 0 1097 199 54.85 5
Cheteshwar Pujara (Ind) 10 16 1 1068 202 71.20 4
Dimuth Karunaratne (SL) 12 24 0 1018 196 42.41 3
Hashim Amla (SA) 11 20 1 942 137 49.57 3
Steven Smith (Aus) 8 15 2 842 178* 64.76 4